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European Funds in Poland



  1. Cohesion Policy
  2. European funds in Poland in the years 2007-2013
  3. European funds in other Visegrad Group Countries
  4. Rules for project development


  1. General information


    The goal of European Cohesion Policy is to diminish discrepancies between regions of the European Union. Is it the most important instrument of financial solidarity from part of the Member States. For the implementation of the CohesionPolicy between 2007-2013 there has been granted 347 billion EUR. Its three objectives - Convergence, Regional competitiveness and employment and European Territorial Copperation are supported from three funds - Structural Funds: European Regional Development Fund, European Social Fund, as well as Cohesion Fund.

    Poland implements two objectives - Convergence and European Territorial Cooperation (cross-border, cross-national and international cooperation between EU members).

    The amount of European input in the implementation of National Strategic Reference Framework between 2007-2013 is 67.3 billion EUR which makes Poland the biggest beneficiary of the European Funds. Over 66.5 billion EUR is implemented under the Convergence objective, over 557.7 mln EUR has been granted for the European Territorial Cooperation. In addition, over 173.3 mln EUR has been granted for the cross-border cooperation programmes (with usage of the European Neigbourhood and Partnership Instrument).

    Under the Convergence objective 67% of financial means will come from the Structural Funds (52% from the European Regional Development Fund, 15% from European Social Fund) and 33% from the Cohesion Fund.

    Operational programmes available in Poland are the biggest not only for the years 2007- 2013 but also in EU history. Structural funds are the basic instrument of the EU’s structural policy. 

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  2. In the years 2007-2013, entrepreneurs can obtain support under the following Operational Programmes (OP):

    • 5 national Operational Programmes;
    • 16 Regional Operational Programmes;
    • European Territorial Co-operation Programmes.

    Programme

    Billion EUR

    Infrastructure and Environment OP

    27.9

    16 Regional OP

    16.6

    Human Capital OP

    9.7

    Innovative Economy OP

    8.3

    Development of Eastern Poland OP

    2.3

    Technical Assistance OP

    0.5

    European Territorial Co-operation OP

    0.7

    National Reserve

    1.3

    Total amount

    67.3




     

  3. European funds in other Visegrad Group Countries


     

    Slovakia

    August 17th 2007 the European Commision has accepted the National Strategic Reference Framemowrk of the Slovak Republic, which had reported 11 Operational Programmes. In the current Financial Perspective Slovakia implements three Cohesion Policy objectives - Convergence, Regional Competitiveness and European Territorial Cooperation. The Convergence Objective covers the whole territory of Slovakia (in case of priorities co-financed from the CF) and the whole territory of Slovakia except for Bratislava region in case of priorities co-financed from the Structural Funds. The Bratislava Region implements the Regional competitiveness and employment objective. The European Territorial Cooperation is not included in the National Strategic Reference Framework. Slovakia, for the period 2007-2013 has been granted 11 360 619 950 EUR, with the European Territorial Cooperation Programmes - 11.587 billion EUR (7.689 from the Structural Funds and 3.898 from the Cohesion Fund).

    The majority of Slovakian Operational Programmes are included in the Convergence Objective and are co-financed from the European Regional Development Fund - Regional Operational Programme, OP Informatisation of Society, OP Competitiveness and Economic Growth and OP Health. Two Operational Programmes are financed from the ERDF and CF - OP Transport and OP Environment. Three Operational Programmes, which are common for the Convergence and Regional Competitiveness and Growth Objectives, cover the whole territory of Slovakia (including Bratislava region) - OP Research and Development (ERDF), Employment and social inclusion (ESF) and OP Education (ESF). The implementation of the OP under the Convergence Objective is also supported from the OP Technical assistance. OP Bratislava region is co-financed from the ERDF and implemented by the Slovak Ministry of Construction and Regional Development. It aims at improvement of regional infrastructure, creation of economy based on knowledge and improvement of life quality in the Bratislava region.

    The biggest OP in Slovakia are: OP Transport (3 206 904 595  EUR; for the construction of roads there has been granted 1.7 billion EUR), OP Environment (1 800 000 000 EUR) and Regional OP which covers 7 Slovak kraje (1 445 000 000  EUR).

    Operational Programme

    Fund

    Co-financing (community contribution - EUR)

    Regional

    ERDF

    1 445 000 000

    Environment

    ERDFCF

    1 800 000 000

    Transport

    ERDFCF

    3 206 904 595

    Informatisation of society

    ERDF

    993 095 405

    Research and Development

    ERDF

    1 209 415 373

    Competitiveness and Economic Growth

    ERDF

    772 000 000

    Health

    ERDF

    250 000 000

    Technical assistance

    ERDF

    97 601 421

    Bratislava Region

    ERDF

    87 000 000

    Employment and social inclusion

    ESF

    881 801 578

    Education

    ESF

    617 801 578

    In total:

    11 360 619 950

    (* with ETC programmes - 11.587 billion EUR)

     

    Hungary

    The Operational Programmes for the years 2007-2013 have been presented in the National Strategic Reference Framework - New Hungary Development Plan 2007-2013 (the document was accepted by the European Commission May 7th 2007). The main objective is the expansion of employment and the establishment of the conditions of sustained economic growth. The territory of Hungary falls under three objectives of the Cohesion Policy - Convergence, Regional Competitiveness and Employment and European Territorial Competitiveness.


    The amount of community contribution in the implementation of Hungarian National Strategic Reference Framework between 2007-2013 is 25.3 billion EUR. Hungary reported 15 Operational Programmes - 8 countrywide and 7 regional. The programmes in the European Territorial Cooperation do not belong to the National Strategic Reference Framework.


    The biggest OP is Transport (6 027 275 303 EUR).

    Operational Programme

    Fund

    Co-financing (community contribution - EUR)

    Economic Development

    ERDF

    2 858 823 730

    Transport

    ERDF, CF

    6 027 275 303

    Social Renewal

    ESF

    3 482 518 044

    PO Social Infrastructure

    ERDF

    1 948 922 941

    Environment and Energy

    ERDF, CF

    4 178 846 341

    West Pannon

    ERDF

    463 752 893

    Central Transdanubia

    ERDF

    507 919 836

    South Transdanubia

    ERDF

    705 136 988

    South Great Plain

    ERDF

    748 714 608

    North Great Plain

    ERDF

    975 070 186

    North Hungary

    ERDF

    903 723 589

    Central Hungary

    ERDF

    1 467 196 353

    State Reform

    ERDF

    146 570 507

    Electronic Public Administration

    ERDF

    358 445 113

    Implementation

    ERDF

    315 132 937

    In total:

     

    25 088 049 369

    (*with ETC programmes - 25.3 billion EUR)

     

    Czech Republic

    The Czech Republic received 26.7 billion EUR for the period 2007-2013 (25.9 billlion EUR for the Convergence Objective, 0.4 billion EUR for the Regional Competitiveness and Employment Objective and 0.4 billion EUR for ETC programmes which do not constitute part od the National Strategic Reference Framework. The Convergence objective is implemented in the Central Bohemia, Central Moravia and regions of Nothwest, Southeast, Southwest, Northeast Czechia, the Regional Competitiveness and Employment in Prague Region. The main objectives of the National Strategic Reference Framework are competitive Czech economy, open, flexible and cohesive society, attractive environment and balanced territory development.


    The implementation of Czech National Strategic Reference Framework is based on 17 Operational Programmes - 14 financed from the European Regional Development Fund (2 of them also from Cohesion Fund) and 3 from European Social Fund.

    NSRF Financial Table

    Operational Programme

    Fund

    Total (EUR)

    Convergence Objective

    Community Contribution

    ERDF and CF

    OP Enterprise and Innovations

    ERDF

    3 041 312 546

    OP Research and Development for Innovations

    ERDF

    2 070 680 884

    OP Environment

    ERDF, CF

    4 917 867 098

    OP Transport

    ERDF, CF

    5 774 081 203

    Integrated OP

    ERDF

    1 553 010 664

    Regional Operational Programmes

     

    4 659 031 986

    Central Bohemia

    ERDF

    559 083 839

    Southwest

    ERDF

    619 651 254

    Northwest

    ERDF

    745 911 021

    Southwest

    ERDF

    704 445 636

    Northeast

    ERDF

    656 457 606

    Moravia-Silesia

    ERDF

    716 093 217

    Central Moravia

    ERDF

    657 389 413

    OP Technical Assistance

    ERDF

    243 835 110

    ESF

    OP Human Resources and Employment

    ESF

    1 811 845 772

    OP Education for Competitiveness

    ESF

    1 811 845 772

    Total Convergence Objective

     

    25 883 511 035

    Of which: Regional Convergence

     

    17 064 488 596

    Total ERDF

     

    13 440 797 052

    Total ESF

     

    3 623 691 544

    Cohesion Fund

     

    8 819 022 439

    Competitiveness/Employment

    Objective

    Community Contribution

    ERDF

    OP Prague Competitiveness

    ERDF

    234 936 005

    Integrated OP

    ERDF

    29 379 498

    OP Technical Assistance

    ERDF

    3 948 062

    ESF

    OP Prague Adaptability

    ESF

    108 385 242

    OP Human Resources and Employment

    ESF

    25 575 633

    OP Education for Competitiveness

    ESF

    16 869 009

    Total Competitiveness Objective

     

    419 093 449

    Total ERDF

     

    268 263 565

    Total ESF

     

    150 829 884

    Total NSRF

     

    26 302 604 484



  4. Rules for project development

 

Define:

  • Project’s objective;
  • Expected effect and benefits to be derived from the project;
  • Starting and closing date of project implementation as well as duration of the particular stages of the project;
  • Project’s implementation path;
  • Persons involved in the project;
  • Project costs;
  • Actions necessary in order to start project implementation;
  • Limitations and threats to project implementation;
  • Analysis of sources of financing;
  • Analysis of requirements to be met by the beneficiary and the project (whether it is eligible for the co-financing or not);
  • Analysis of criteria of the technical and financial analysis of the project.

Remember:

  • The financing authority will not assign any funds until it is presented with a coherent, logical and complete project;
  • Development of a project requires considerable expenditure of time and money;
  • Not all projects will be granted support (failure to meet the criteria or comply with the procedures);
  • The project must be addressed to a clearly specified group of beneficiaries and respond to documented needs;
  • The project must be in line with the beneficiary’s statutory objectives and individual strategy;
  • The project should contain a detailed timetable of actions, a cost estimate, as well as a system of promotion, monitoring and evaluation;
  • The project costs must be fairly calculated based on the actual costs incurred with account being taken of any unexpected circumstances.



Important:

A beneficiary should ensure sustainability of project results for a minimum period of 5 years or, in the case of SMEs, minimum 3 years following project completion.

It is also possible to combine various forms of regional aid provided that its total value does not exceed the maximum permissible aid intensity on a given investment project.

 

 


 
 

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