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Renewable Energy

Business Support:


Marta Kokoszka
+48 22 334 98 52
marta.kokoszka@paiz.gov.pl

Intro

The development of the renewable energy sector is one of the priorities for the Polish government - according to Directive 2009/28/EC all EU Member States should gradually increase the share of energy from renewable sources intotal energy consumption and the transportation sector.

The specific objectives of the Polish energy policy are as follows: to increase the proportion of energy from renewable sources in final energy consumption up to 15.5% in 2020 (19.3% for electricity, 17% for heating and cooling, 10.2% for transportation fuels). Achieving these objectives requires investments in new generation capacities. Wind energy and the use of biomass for energy purposes are currently the most dynamically developing renewables.

The most active foreign investors are Vortex, EDP, RWE, E.ON, CEZ, GDF Suez, Mitsui & J.Power, Acciona (wind farms), Dalkia (biomass combustion), Poldanor, AXZON Group (biogas plants). The Polish players are also investing in renewables e.g. Enea, Energa, Tauron, PGE.

Poland is also gradually becoming an attractive destination for investments in manufacturing of devices used in energy generation. There are estimated to be more than 200 production companies working for the renewable energy sector (Institute for Renewable Energy data).


Sector in figures

According to the Polish Economic Chamber of Renewable Energy, the share of energy from renewable sources in 2010 amounted to 8% (total gross final energy consumption amounted to approx. 756 TWh). Broken down by sectors, the targets are as follows: for electricity - 7% share of green energy,for heating and cooling - 12% share, for transportation - 5.5% share (mainly first-generation biofuels including bioethanol and biodiesel).

It is worth mentioning that according to EurObserv'ER Poland is ranked 5th in the EU in terms of production of primary energy from solid biomass. Poland is also a leader among the new EU member states in terms of total installed capacity of wind farms.


Renewable energy installations (electricity)

Type of installation

Quantity

Power (MW)

biogas power stations

207

136.319

biomass power stations

29

876.108

photovoltaic power stations

9

1.289

wind power stations

743

2644.898

hydroelectric power stations

771

966.236

co-fired technology

41

n/a

Source: Energy Regulatory Office (as of 31.03.2013)


Potential of renewable energy in Poland

Type of renewable energy source

Real economic potential - final energy

Utilization of economic potential in 2020 (real market potential)

[TJ]

[TJ]

[%]

Biomass:

600.167,8

533.117,5

88.8

solid dry waste

165.930,8

149.337,7

90.0

biogas (liquid waste)

123.066,3

72.609,1

59.0

wood (forests)

24.451,8

24.451,8

100.0

Energy crops

286.718,9

286.718,9

100.0

Wind energy

444.647,6

119.913,3

27.0

Solar energy:

83.312,2

19.422,2

23.3

thermal

83.152,9

19.262,9

23.2

photovoltaic

159.3

159,3

100.0

Hydropower

17.9744

11.144,2

62.0

Source: Możliwości wykorzystania odnawialnych źródeł energii w Polsce do roku 2020, IEO






Key drivers of renewable energy sector development in Poland:

  • dynamic economic growth in recent years, growing number of business entities and domestic market of 38 million consumers,

  • demand for green energy will grow due to the energy policy objectives: increase of the proportion of energy from renewable sources in final energy consumption up to 15.5%
    in 2020 (19.3% for electricity, 17% for heating and cooling, 10.2% for transportfuels).

  • the need to reduce the amount of municipal biodegradable waste that may
    be landfilled to 35% by 2020, and the construction of thermal waste treatment plants,

  • plans to build agricultural biogas plants in each Polish commune by 2020.

  • favourablenatural wind conditions, a large potential for obtaining biomass and biogas

  • investment incentives for renewable energy producers


Instruments of support:

The Polish government offers the following forms of support for the production of energy from renewable sources:

  • investment incentives for renewable energy producers (certificates of origin),

  • electricity trading power companies are required by law to purchase energy from renewable sources,

  • renewable energy producers have priority access to transmission grid,

  • electricity generated from renewable sources is exempt from excise tax,

  • the grid connection fee for smaller installations (< 5 MW) is reduced by 50%. Such installations are also exempt from the license fee and the annual fee paid by license holders,

  • investments in clean energy may be co-financed by the National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management.

More information: www.paiz.gov.pl/polish_law/renewable_energy


Useful contacts:

Polish Power Exchange
ul. Poleczki 23 bud. H
02-822 Warszawa
tel. +48 22 341 99 12
http://tge.pl/en
tge@tge.pl

The Polish Economic Chamber of Renewable Energy
ul. Gotarda 9
02-683 Warsaw
tel. +48 22 548 49 99
www.pigeo.org.pl/?lang=en
pigeo@pigeo.pl

Energy Regulatory Office
ul. Chłodna 64
00-872 Warsaw
tel. +48 22 661 61 07
www.ure.gov.pl/portal/en
ure@ure.gov.pl

National Fund for Environmental Protection and Water Management
ul. Konstruktorska 3a
02-673 Warszawa
tel. +48 22 45 90 000
www.nfosigw.gov.pl/en
fundusz@nfosigw.gov.pl

Publications

Wind energy in Poland,
www.paiz.gov.pl/publications/sectoral_studies


 
 

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